# Where are the relative consumption effects?

According to Ken Arrow and Partha Dasgupta in the Economic Journal, you’ll find them in leisure.

Conspicuous consumption, Inconspicuous Leisure: It is commonly argued that because relative consumption appears to matter to people, they must be involved in a ‘rat race’: people work harder and consume more than they would have were optimum public policies in place. But although consuming more today would improve one’s relative consumption now, it would worsen one’s relative consumption in the future. In this article we identify the structure of felicity functions for which the two effects offset each other exactly. The finding goes some way toward explaining why, while household surveys suggest that relative consumption matters, the consumption behaviour of households has not pointed unambiguously to the presence of relative consumption effects.